Oncology

Drug could improve response to ovarian cancer hormone therapy

Drugs that suppress a crucial protein could help to reduce resistance to hormonal therapy in women with ovarian cancer. These are the findings of research published in Scientific Reports, which studied methods of tailoring therapy for ovarian cancer to improve responses to treatment. The study...

Lactation reduces breast cancer risk

Lactation could be linked to a lower risk of developing aggressive forms of breast cancer that are harder to treat, according to a study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The study analysed data from four large studies and found that women who had had children, or parous women, were...

African American women have less reconstructive surgery after mastectomy

African American women are less likely to receive breast reconstructive surgery after having a mastectomy, according to a new US study published in SpringerPlus. The findings show that women of all races are as much as 67 per cent less likely to undergo reconstruction in rural hospitals than in...

Radiation and chemotherapy could fight endometrial cancer recurrence

High-risk endometrial cancer patients could be treated effectively by using radiation therapy and chemotherapy simultaneously. These are the findings of a study published in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology - Biology - Physics, which assesses the efficacy and toxicity of the two...

Research made into breast cancer associated with pregnancy

Mammary stem cells related to the pregnant mammary gland are associated with the stem cells that are found in breast cancer, according to research. Scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center identified that there is an essential molecular...

Breast cancer relapses and responses to chemotherapy easier to predict

Breast cancer relapses and the responses to chemotherapy are now easier to predict thanks to the identification of a distinct gene. Researchers uncovered the DP103 gene, which is activated in metastatic breast cancer and acts as a regulator, expressing two sets of unfavourable proteins. One of...

Cell plasticity could shed light on causes of breast cancer

The plasticity of cells in the human body could perhaps indicate the cause of an aggressive form of breast cancer, according to a study published online in BMC Cell Biology. When separated from their usual environment, the research found that healthy breast cells could actually change into cells...

Gynaecologists ‘should be involved in child cancer treatment’

Gynaecologists should have greater involvement in the treatment of children with cancer. This is the view of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (ACOG), which has published updated recommendations saying that ob-gyns should be able to identify and treat gynaecologic concerns in...

HPV screening could predict cervical cancer better than Pap test

Screening for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection could be a more effective test for cervical cancer risk than a Pap test. These are the findings of a new study from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) at the National Institutes of Health in the US, which suggests that a negative HPV test could...

Cervical cancer screening age ‘may not be high enough’

Screening for cervical cancer may save more lives in the US if it is extended to include older women, a study published in Cancer has found. The research from the University of Maryland recalculated the national rate of cervical cancer in the US to exclude women who have had hysterectomies.